Concepts and measurement of poverty

by Wolf Scott

Publisher: United Nations Research Institute for Social Development in Geneva

Written in English
Published: Pages: 62 Downloads: 753
Share This

Places:

  • Developing countries.

Subjects:

  • Poverty -- Statistical methods.,
  • Poor -- Developing countries.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

StatementWolf Scott.
SeriesReport / United Nations Research Institute for Social Development ;, no. 81.1, Report (United Nations Research Institute for Social Development) ;, no. 81.1.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHC79.P6 S34
The Physical Object
Paginationiii, 62 p. ;
Number of Pages62
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3851575M
LC Control Number81169725

The main poverty line used in the OECD and the European Union is a relative poverty measure based on "economic distance", a level of income usually set at 60% of the median household income. The United States, in contrast, uses an absolute poverty measure. The US poverty line was created in –64 and was based on the dollar costs of the U.S. these matters. Papers in this volume discuss child poverty measurement, trends in global poverty and inequality, outcomes for children, and policies to address them. We start by revising how poverty is measured, calling for new multidimensional poverty measurements to better appreciate the reality of children in the world. Summary: "Conceptualization and measurement of poverty have traditionally relied on purely economic approaches, with income or consumption as the only indicator. Multidimensional approaches have increasingly been used to understand poverty, but have yet to be fully operationalized.". The key concepts used in social policy analysis are important; but our under- book summarised the six main approaches that they identified at that time, etical understanding and empirical measurement of the problem of Size: KB.

a book(2) which urged an increase in the poverty line to reflect changes in consumption patterns and changing concepts of what constitutes a minimally adequate standard of living. In July , two private organizations concerned with the poor and the elderly issued a report(3) reviewing current poverty measurement proceduresFile Size: KB. Filed under: Poverty -- Government policy. Global Child Poverty and Well-Being: Measurement, Concepts, Policy and Action (Bristol, UK, and Chicago: Policy Press, ), ed. by Alberto Minujin Z. and Shailen Nandy (PDF at ) Filed under: Poverty -- Great Britain.   The National Poverty Line The national poverty line is Rs of October - Policy Research and Information Unit,Sri Lanka- Absolute Poverty Measurements 9. Criticisms on Poverty Line Poverty Line is a measure based solely on the cost of food. Chapter 2. Food security: concepts and measurement [21] Introduction. This chapter looks at the origins of the concept of chronic food insecurity, the implications for measurement, and suggests the need for a complementary investigation into the implications for .

The definition of child poverty: a discussion of concepts and measurements ALBERTO MINUJIN, ENRIQUE DELAMONICA, ALEJANDRA DAVIDZIUK and EDWARD D GONZALEZ ABSTRACT This paper presents and discusses different concepts of child poverty, alternative definitions of children living in poverty, and measurement efforts in this by: Sabina Alkire is the director of the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), an economic research centre within the Oxford Department of International Development at the University of Oxford, England, which was established in She is a fellow of the Human Development and Capability Association.   The Top 10 Books on the Economics of Poverty. A suggested reading list to provide a foundation for understanding development, aid, and poverty. the concepts included are important to the dialogue about the causes and remedies to the economics of poverty. Good to Great and the Social Sectors () by Jim Collins Meant to accompany the. entertaining ebook multidimensional poverty measurement concepts and applications(after the upcoming site) is better for some book children and using tab Principal like writing and producing. stopping the unseemly illustrations at the site of way can help how that reviewsThere 's later as, considerably love of it as making the customer for your secretion.3/5.

Concepts and measurement of poverty by Wolf Scott Download PDF EPUB FB2

Conceptualization and measurement of poverty have traditionally relied on purely economic approaches, with income or consumption as the only indicator. Multidimensional approaches have increasingly been used to understand poverty, but have yet to be fully operationalized.

This book Brand: Springer-Verlag New York. Concepts and measurement of poverty. [Wolf Scott] -- In this paper the author presents some of his and the Institute's reflections concerning concepts and measurement of poverty.

He presents empirical data showing the arbitrary nature of poverty lines. poverty measurement worldwide and sketches a road to improving country practices while achieving greater comparability within and across countries. It is hoped that this book will serve as the basis for formulating national, regional and international statistical programs to strengthen the capacity in member countries to collect and analyze Size: 1MB.

Problems in the conceptualization and measurement of poverty are discussed. Two requirements are identified as (1) a method of identifying a group of people as poor (identification), and (2) a method of aggregating the characteristics of the set of poor people into an overall image of poverty Concepts and measurement of poverty book.

As a foundation for these exercises, a study is made of the kinds of approaches that. Poverty can be defined objectively and applied consistently only in terms of the concept of relative deprivation.

That is the theme of this book. The term is under-stood objectively rather than subjectively. Individuals, families and groups in the population can be said to be in poverty when they lack the resources to obtain the. to apply philosophies to data and implement concepts that appear so crystalline on paper.

The world of poverty measurement in practice is one of compromise, of short-cuts and approximations. This handbook is devoted to improving the practice of compromise and approximation, to making choices more transparent, and to identifying seemingly minor.

The Poverty Line: Concept and Measurement Article (PDF Available) in The Journal of Human Resources 12(4) November with 3, Reads How we measure 'reads'. Poverty comparisons: a guide to concepts and methods (English) Abstract. Poverty assessments are typically clouded in conceptual and methodological uncertainties.

How should living standards be assessed. Is a household survey necessary, and is it a reliable guide. Where should the poverty line be drawn, and does the choice Cited by: The Census Bureau determines poverty status by using an official poverty measure (OPM) that compares pre-tax cash income against a threshold that is set at three times the cost of a minimum food diet in and adjusted for family size.

The OPM uses calculations of these three elements—income, threshold, and family—to estimate what. Measurement of Poverty. Any poverty measure is thus unlikely to satisfy the various demands addressed to it. In particular, every measure has a number of advantages and disadvantages.

Important questions in the choice of the poverty measurement methodology include its purpose and the data requirements. The use of the measure or index as an. While allowing for variations in indicators of unmet basic needs, poverty is generally considered to be a measure of deprivation of the basic needs that a person, household or community requires to have a basic standard of Size: KB.

From the Back Cover. Conceptualization and measurement of poverty have traditionally relied on purely economic approaches, with income or consumption as the only indicator.

Multidimensional approaches have increasingly been used to understand poverty, but have yet to be fully operationalized. This book uses factor analysis Cited by: The volume explores specific issues underlying the poverty measure, analyzes the likely effects of any changes on poverty rates, and discusses the impact on eligibility for public benefits.

In supporting its recommendations the panel provides insightful recognition of the political and social dimensions of this key economic indicator.

Multidimensional approaches have increasingly been used to understand poverty, but have yet to be fully operationalized. This methodical and important book uses factor analysis and structural equations modelling to develop a multidimensional framework that integrates capability and social inclusion as additional poverty indicators.

The empirical relevance of this methodological contribution is Cited by: Peter Townsend provides an historical perspective of the poverty concept and the setting of poverty lines. Three poverty concepts have evolved, based on ideas of subsistence, basic needs and relative deprivation.

Since material needs are socially determined, we need a new international poverty line based on what is required in different countriesFile Size: KB. Founded on the premise that “the poor are the true poverty experts,” the Bank’s “Voices of the Poor” study sought to draw connections and partnerships with the poor in order to include their perspectives in the process of developing a comprehensive, functional, and effective definition of Size: KB.

The concepts used to define poverty determine the methods employed to measure it and the subsequent policy and programme packages to address it. Author: Renata Lok-Dessallien. Measurement of Poverty: Absolute and Relative Poverty. It is not easy to measure poverty. Poverty is generally defined in absolute sense, though the concept of relative poverty is also important.

In absolute sense a person is poor if his income falls below a certain minimum level which is required to satisfy minimum basic needs. In so doing, the book embraces the relational, cultural, symbolic as well as material dimensions of poverty and makes important links between poverty and other concepts like well-being, capabilities, social divisions and exclusion, agency and citizenship.

It concludes by 4/5(1). Review of Poverty Concepts and Indicators by Renata Lok-Dessallien This paper presents an overview of different concepts of poverty and approaches to its measurement. The variation in concepts reveals the multidimensional nature of poverty.

Poverty can be conceived as absolute or relative, as lack of income or failure to attain capabilities. It File Size: KB. Child poverty is a central and present part of global life, with hundreds of millions of children around the world enduring tremendous suffering and deprivation of their most basic needs.

Despite its long history, research on poverty and development has only relatively recently examined the issue of child poverty as a distinct topic of concern. Conceptualization and measurement of poverty have traditionally relied on purely economic approaches, with income or consumption as the only indicator.

Multidimensional approaches have increasingly been used to understand poverty, but have yet to be fully operationalized. has to do with child poverty, trust in government, out-of-wedlock births, alcohol- you need to develop and clearly state what you mean by your key concepts, and (2) your measurements will need to be clear and consistent with the definitions Social.

Chapter 3 Conceptualization and Measurement. Chapter 3 Conceptualization and Measurement File Size: KB. LSM- 88 FEB. Living Standards Measurement Study Working Plaper No. 88 Poverty Comparisons A Guide to Concepts and Methods Martin RavallionFile Size: 5MB.

poverty are really confusing poverty and inequality. Are the numbers quoted for the U.K. and the U.S. just an alternative measure of income inequality.

Here, the sceptics are touching on a raw nerve, since in my view the literature on the measurement of poverty has done little to illuminate the relationship between the two Size: KB.

In so doing, the book embraces the relational, cultural, symbolic as well as material dimensions of poverty and makes important links between poverty and other concepts like well-being, capabilities, social divisions and exclusion, agency and citizenship.

It concludes by 5/5(4). There are two types of poverty absolute poverty and relative poverty. Absolute poverty refers to inability of a section of population to achieve basic necessities of life. Relative poverty, on the other hand, refers to inequality in distribution of income and expenditure.

poverty in the person1s condition; the other finds it in the person's character. A program aimed at eliminating economic poverty will measure its success by the"increase in command over goods and services that is induced by the program.

A program aimed at eliminating the culture of poverty will measure its success by changes in the complex. Read about the terms used in calculating child poverty measures in New Zealand. The arguments surrounding the definition of poverty centre on the two concepts of absolute poverty and relative poverty.

Absolute Poverty is the inability of a citizen to participate fully in the economic terms in the society in which he lives, also is experiencing lack of. Seminar on poverty measurement JulyGeneva, Switzerland Item 5: Measurement challenges in consumption and income poverty Measures of poverty that go beyond monetary measures have been motivated by concepts such indicators is found in Nolan and Whelan’s book Poverty and Deprivation in Europe.to write an article on the origin of the poverty thresholds.

For related information see, “Poverty Guidelines for ,” by Gordon M. Fisher, Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 55, No. 1, Springpp.

The poverty thresholds are the primary version of the Federal poverty measure- rhe other version being the poverty.Lecture 1: Concepts of Development and Underdevelopment problems of poverty, discrimination, unemployment and income distribution; the assumption one measure of the economic condition of a country, under the assumption that a higher GNP leads to File Size: KB.